the five districts of the Principality
During your excursion to Monaco, Azurlingua takes you to discover the five districts of the Principality:
On the Rock, the old fortified city with the Prince’s Palace, the ramparts, the gardens, the Cathedral and the Oceanographic Museum
The district of Port Hercule, where many inhabitants of Monaco live, and which has a lot of shops.
This district was founded in 1866, during the reign of Prince Charles III who gave it his name.
This district is made up of its internationally renowned Casino, its large hotels and recently built leisure areas (Larvotto beach, the Monte Carlo Sporting Club, the Boulingrins gardens).
A major technical achievement with rockfill, on depths of 40 metres, of an area of 22 hectares supporting an urban, tourism and sports complex adjacent to a marina and a non-polluting industrial area).
Monaco facts and figures
The official language is French. Italian and English are also common. The traditional language, Monegasque (“monegù”), is still taught in the schools of the principality.
The currency is the euro. Monegasque coins of the same value are in circulation. The motto of Monaco and its princes is “Deo Juvante” (“With the help of God”). The principality counts 38,000 inhabitants (according to the official census of 2016) of which 22.5% are of Monegasque nationality. Among the main foreign populations: 12% French, 14% Italians. 22% Swiss, 14% Germans, 14% British and 13% Russians. In total, more than 130 nationalities are represented on the Monegasque territory.
Today, the Principality of Monaco extends over 195 hectares, of which nearly 40 have been reclaimed from the sea in the last 20 years. It extends alongside the sea for 4,100 metres and rises to 163 metres. The principality comprises a single municipality, Monaco, whose boundaries merge with those of the State.